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The Initiative and Referendum Institute Europe (IRI Europe) is a transnational think-tank dedicated to research and education on the procedures and practices of modern direct democracy.

The Initiative and Referendum Institute Europe (IRI Europe) is a transnational think-tank dedicated to research and education on the procedures and practices of modern direct democracy.

IRI Europe was founded 2001 in Amsterdam. The Institute’s main mission is to develop insights into the theory and practice of direct democracy among politicians, the media, NGOs, academics and the public throughout Europe.

Since the early days of this millennium IRI has assisted and advised the EU constitution drafters – first in the Convention, subsequently in the EU institutions and member states, and finally within the electorates across Europe – in seizing the opportunity of developing democratic tools which are both issue-based and pan-European.

As a key result of this work, the first transnational direct-democratic tool – the European Citizens’ Initiative (ECI) – was established in 2011.

IRI Europe is today an acknowledged research and educational institute focusing on the initiative and referendum process across Europe. With a comprehensive network of experts and correspondents throughout the region, the Institute is uniquely equipped to provide the know-how and the tools Europe (and the wider world) needs.